History Of Gyanvapi Masjid

History Of Gyanvapi Masjid: The claims of history got strength from the survey, on 15 October 1991, a case was filed regarding Gyanvapi Masjid.

History Of Gyanvapi Masjid

On October 15, 1991, a suit was filed in the court of Civil Judge (Sidi.) Varanasi regarding the construction of a new temple and worship in the Gyanvapi complex. In which the disputed site was said to be part of the Swayambhu Vishweshwar Jyotirlinga temple. The dispute of Gyanvapi Masjid has been going on since 1991, but even after 32 years, the trial of the case has not started. It is claimed by one side that the Gyanvapi Mosque was constructed by demolishing the temple.

History Of Gyanvapi Masjid

Several feet high Visheshwar's Swayambhu Jyotirlinga is established under the Gyanvapi Mosque. Please tell that Gyanvapi Mosque is located near the Kashi Vishwanath temple complex.

In the Gyanvapi Masjid case, on Thursday, the court gave its verdict on the replacement of Advocate Commissioner on behalf of the Muslim side and the videography of the basement of Gyanvapi. The matter regarding the Gyanvapi case is going on in the court for a long time. What happened in this episode so far and how it happened can be understood through these points sequentially.

After independence.. lawsuit filed in 1991

On October 15, 1991, Pt. Somnath Vyas, Dr. Ramrang Sharma and others had filed a suit in the Varanasi court regarding the construction of a new temple at Gyanvapi and the right of Hindus to worship.

In 1998, two petitions were filed in the High Court on behalf of Anjuman Inazaniya Masajid and UP Sunni Waqf Board Lucknow, against this order, Pt. Somnath Vyas died on 7 March 2000.

On October 11, 2018, former District Government Advocate (Civil) Vijay Shankar Rastogi was appointed as a litigant for pleading the case.

On 8 April 2021, after accepting the appeal of the litigant, an order was issued for conducting an archaeological survey.

August 18, 2021 - Rakhi Singh, Laxmi Devi, Manju Vyas, Sita Sahu and Rekha Pathak of Delhi jointly filed a petition in the court of Civil Judge Senior Division Ravi Kumar Diwakar, demanding that Kashi Vishwanath Dham-Gyanvapi The adornment of Gauri and Deities in the premises should be handed over for regular darshan and worship as in the pre-1991 situation. The status quo of the Deities of the Adi Vishweshwar family should be maintained.

April 8, 2022 - In the course of hearing, the court appointed Advocate Commissioner.

April 18, 2022 - The district administration filed a petition through a government advocate and demanded a ban on videography and photographs.

19 April 2022 - Court commissioner informed the court about the date of survey.

April 19, 2022 - The opposition Anjuman Inazaniya Masajid Committee filed a petition in the High Court requesting to stop the commission proceedings. The High Court dismissed the petition and upheld the order of the lower court.

- 20 April 2022 - Court concludes hearing, reserves verdict.

- 26 April 2022 - The lower court ordered to start the survey proceedings after Eid. Under the order, the court commissioner had informed the court about conducting the survey on May 6.

May 2, 2022 - The women of the plaintiffs pleaded for security by giving an application to the Additional Commissioner of Police.

May 5, 2022 - Appeal to the court to preserve the evidence and evidence gathered during the commission proceedings of the Advocate Commissioner. The court ordered the police to keep the evidence safe to the commissioner.

May 6, 2022 - Court commissioner started commission proceedings in the presence of the parties in Gyanvapi complex, which could not be completed on the first day.

May 7, 2022 - The next day, the court commissioner was stopped from going to the Gyanvapi mosque, forcing the proceedings to stop.

May 9, 2022 - The respondent Anjuman Inazaniya Masajid Committee applied in the court to change the Advocate Commissioner.

10 and 11 May 2022 - The debate on the application was completed, the decision reserved.

12 May 2022 - The court decided to conduct commission proceedings and not to change the advocate commissioner.

The truth of the mythological site Gyanvapi is recorded in the pages of history

The truth of the mythological site Gyanvapi is recorded in the pages of history which testify how this pilgrimage site faced many storms between 1194 and 1669. It is mentioned prominently in the book History of Banaras published in the year 1936 by noted historian Dr. Anant Sadashiv Altekar, who was a professor at Banaras Hindu University and Patna University. This has been brought up as a reference in the Gyanvapi case. It also records the destruction of religious places of Hindus by Muslim invaders.

It is described in chapter four of the book that Banaras has been famous since two thousand years ago because of Shrikashi Vishwanath temple. Mythological evidence suggests that Shrikashi Vishwanath Temple is situated on the north side of Gyankup. This temple was demolished several times between 1194 and 1669.

Bonding in Organic Compounds

Bonding in Organic Compounds - Basic Concept

Around the nucleus of an atom lead to a series of atomic orbitals. An orbital is a three-dimensional region around the nucleus where there is a high probability of finding an electron. It is simply the space where the electron spends most of its time.

What are the shapes of the orbitals? Fig. shows the shapes of the orbitals. All the x atomic orbitals are spheres with a nucleus at their centres. The first orbital shown is the 1s orbital. It has a mathematical sign (plus), which is a not a charge but indicates the phase of the wave function. These signs are needed when atomic orbitals are combined to make molecular orbitals.

Bonding in Organic Compounds

Electrons are distributed among its orbitals. The electronic configuration for an atom can be derived easily using the aufbau principle, the Pauli exclusion principle, and Hund's rule. The student is supposed to be familiar with these rules and hence these are excluded from discussion here

Molecular Orbitals

Atomic orbitals (AOs) are the orbitals of an atom Similarly, molecular orbitals (MOS), as the name suggest, are the orbitals of an entire molecule. In isolated atoms the electrons are in the AOs of that atom. In the Lewis model, during covalent bond formation some of the electrons are pictured as shared. In the molecular orbital model, these sharedelectrons are shown as being in MOs that extend around the whole molecule,

MOs are extensions of the AOs. Most of what presented

previously about AOs also applies to MOs. The shapes of the MOs indicate the areas of high electron density in the molecule.

MOs are useful in understanding reactions because orbitals must overlap to form any new bond. Thus MOs help us see how molecules must approach each other for their orbitals to

overlap in forming new bonds, Consider the bonding in a hydrogen molecule, H,. The simplest picture considers MOs as resulting from the overlap of AOs. When AOs overlap, either the electron waves reinforce or electron density increases, or the electron waves cancel and

electron density decreases. Fig. 1.3 shows the combination of Hydrogen Is AOs to form MOs. The two AOs interact to produce two MOs. When the electron waves are reinforced the resulting MOs are more stable than the combining AOs and are called bonding MOs. When the electron waves are cancelled the resulting MOs are less stable than the combining AOs and are called antibonding MOs. The MOs are filled with the electrons according to the same rules that are used to put electrons in the AOs of the atoms. Electrons in the bonding MOs favour bonding, whereas electrons in the antibonding

MOs favour the separated atoms (disfavour bonding). There are two ways in which the AOs can overlap. When energetically compatible orbitals of two atoms overlap head-on, a sigma (o) bond forms. If the overlapping A Os are in the same phase (have same mathematical sign) in the region of overlap, a bonding orbital forms (o). If they are out of phase (have opposite mathematical signs) in the region of overlap, an antibonding orbital forms (oº). It is important to remember that s AOs always overlap head-on, or they always form o bond. 2p, orbital 2p, orbital

The next orbital shown is the 2 s orbital. It is represented by a larger sphere than Is orbital, which means that it extends farther out from the nucleus. But a 2s orbital is more complex, There are regions of positive and negative phases of the wave function. It also has a region where the phase of the wave function equals zero. Such a region is called node. A node indicates the region where the probability of finding an electron falls to zero.

2p atomic orbitals are not spherically symmetrical like the sorbitals as shown in Fig. 1.2. They have two lobes (regions of high probability of finding the electron) on opposite sides of the nucleus and are dumbbell-shaped. The two lobes are of opposite phase, which can be designated by a plus (+) and a minus (-) sign. A nodal plane passes through the centre of the ucleus, bisecting the two lobes of the p orbital. There are three legenerate 2p-atomic orbitals: the 2p, -orbital is symmetrical bout x-axis, the 2p, -orbital is symmetrical about y-axis, and he 2p, -orbital is symmetrical about z-axis.

The orbitals discussed above are the ones of most interest in rganic chemistry, since the atoms that are most commonly ncountered in organic compounds are H, C, and other second eriod atoms. Hence higher energy orbitals are not discussed here.